ಎರಡನೇ ಮಹಾಯುದ್ಧ ಪ್ರಾರಂಭವಾದಾಗ, ಕಾಂಗ್ರೆಸ್ ಪಕ್ಷದ ಕಾರ್ಯಕಾರಿಣಿ ಸಮಿತಿಯು ಬ್ರಿಟಿಷ್ ಸರ್ಕಾರವನ್ನು ಸಮರ್ಥಿಸುವುದೆಂದೂ, ಇದಕ್ಕೆ ಪ್ರತಿಯಾಗಿ ಭಾರತಕ್ಕೆ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ್ಯ ಕೊಡಬೇಕೆಂದೂ ಬ್ರಿಟಿಷ್ ಸರ್ಕಾರವನ್ನು ಒತ್ತಾಯಿಸಿತು<ref>ಕಾಂಗ್ರೆಸ್ ಪಕ್ಷದ ಅಧಿಕೃತ ವೆಬ್ ಸೈಟ್ ನಲ್ಲಿ ಲೇಖನ ''ಎರಡನೇ ಮಹಾಯುದ್ಧ ಮತ್ತು ಕಾಂಗ್ರೆಸ್'' http://www.aicc.org.in/the_congress_and_the_freedom_movement.htm#the.</ref>. ಆದರೆ ಸರ್ಕಾರ ಇದಕ್ಕೆ ಬೆಲೆ ಕೊಡಲಿಲ್ಲ. ಕಾಂಗ್ರೆಸ್ ಪಕ್ಷದ ಈ ನಿಲುವಿಗೆ ಅಹಿಂಸಾವಾದಿಯಾದ ಗಾಂಧೀಜಿಯ ಬೆಂಬಲವಿರಲಿಲ್ಲ. ಅವರಿಗೆ ಬ್ರಿಟಿಷ್ ಸರ್ಕಾರ, ಧೋರಣೆ, ಮತ್ತು ನಾಯಕತ್ವದ ಮೇಲೆ ಅತೀವ ಶಂಕೆಯಿತ್ತು.
==Resolution for Immediate Independence==
On [[July 14]], [], the [[Indian National Congress]] passed a resolution demanding complete independence from [[Britain]]. The draft proposed that if the British did not accede to the demands, massive [[civil disobedience]] would be launched.
However, it proved to be controversial within the party. A prominent Congress national leader [[Chakravarti Rajgopalachari]] quit the Congress over this decision, and so did some local and regional level organizers. [[Jawaharlal Nehru]] and [[Maulana Azad]] were apprehensive and critical of the call, but backed it and stuck with Gandhi's leadership till the end. [[Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel]] and Dr. [[Rajendra Prasad]] were openly and enthusiastically in favor of such a disobedience movement, as were many veteran Gandhians and socialists like [[Asoka Mehta]] and [[Jaya Prakash Narayan]].
The Congress had lesser success in rallying other political forces under a single flag and mast. Smaller parties like the [[Communist Party of India]] and the [[Hindu Mahasabha]] opposed the call. [[Mohammed Ali Jinnah]]'s opposition to the call led to large numbers of Muslims cooperating with the British, and the [[Muslim League]] obtaining power in the Imperial provincial governments.
On [[August 8]], [] the '''Quit India Resolution''' was passed at the [[Bombay]] session of the All India Congress Committee (AICC). At [[Gowalia Tank]], [[Bombay]], Gandhi urged Indians to follow non-violent civil disobedience. He told the masses to act as an independent [[nation]] and not to follow the orders of the [[United Kingdom|British]]. His call found support among a large number of Indians. It also found support among Indian revolutionaries who were not necessarily party to Gandhi's philosophy non-violoence.
==Suppression of the Movement==